Well by now you have probably known that it is mental health awareness month. You will do yourself well to follow the hashtags and get informed on this matter as I may not tackle everything to do with mental health. Also if you did not read part one please do. Here is the link. MENTAL HEALTH – 1

That said, today we look at the different types of mental “illnesses ” that people go through just so we understand where they are coming from. Also note that I use the term illness very loosley as some may just be things we do that are harmful our to mind’s wellbeing and health.


This is a condition that ocurs when a person interprets any sort of physical pain in an unrealistic or exaggerated manner. For instance, a headache may be considered a brain tumor.


You must be thinking that this is normal. It’s okay to have have fears. However when a fear is considered a phobia it is at an all time high and help may be needed. Example of the most common phobias that are serous are :

  • Agrophobia – This is where one is afraid of being in a public place where it would be difficult to esacpe in case of an emergency. Examples of such situations are : living alone, being in the middle of a tunnel or a bridge. This condition may be accompanied by a panic attack at times.
  • Social phobia – The person has an irrational or unfounded fear of being in social sitautions. For example attending a party, eating in a restaurant.
  • Specific phobia – just as the worst suggests this kind of phobia is fixated towards one specific thing such as fear or dying.


This happens when a person experiences a general sense of apprehension and worry that alters their normal life.The worries are most frequently centered on interpersonal relationships, work, finances, health and the future in general. This state escapes the control of the affected person and tends to “disable” them. This is one of the most common mental health problems.


Another common mental health problem. Depression involves having feelings of severe despondency and dejection. In the context of mental health, it is a modern plague. It is also the most common ailment in psychiatry and clinical psychology and is on the rise. More than that, it is thought that depression could be the second cause of illness and disability by 2020!!!, just behind cardiovascular diseases.It affects children, youth, adults and the elderly.

Psychological traumas

Well, when someone goes through events of high emeotional intensity, particularly if experienced when one was at a vulnerable point in their life, they may be traumatising. This is the case of insults, mocking a child, losing a parent at an early age among others.


This is a state of mental or emotional strain or tension resulting from adverse or demanding circumstances. No one really can say they have not been in a stressful sitauation. It is somehow part of our daily routine. With pressure at the workplace, problems in a realtonship and so on, one could undergo a lot of stress. This can in turn affect the physiacl body and the mind too. It should not be taken lightly.

Obsessions and Compulsions

An obsession is an idea or thought that continually preoccupies or intrudes on a person’s mind whereas a compulsion is an irresistible urge to behave in a certain way. Obsessions and compulsions are at times referred to as “oddities” and in most cases go hand in hand. Hence referred to as Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder. The most common forms of this are :

  • Cleaning – that which is already spotless.
  • Order and symmetry
  • Hoarding


Complexes are a related group of repressed or partly repressed emotionally significant ideas which cause psychic conflict leading to abnormal mental states or behaviour. They are unconcious processes.

As a result some people offer an appearance of security and self sufficiency. Examples include: guilt complex, inferiority complex etc.

Bulimia and Anorexia

Bulimia nervosa is an eating disorder usually characterized by periods of binging—or excessive overeating—followed by purging. People with bulimia have a fear of gaining weight; however, that does not mean all people with bulimia are underweight. Some people with bulimia are overweight or obese. They attempt to use purging to manage their weight or prevent additional weight gain. Bulimia nervosa is a serious mental illness that can be life threatening.Methods of purging include forced vomiting, excessive use of laxatives or diuretics, and extreme or prolonged periods of exercising or fasting. Often, in these binge/purge episodes, a woman or man suffering from this disorder will experience a loss of control and engage in frantic efforts to undo these feelings.

Anorexia Nervosa is a psychological and potentially life-threatening eating disorder. Those suffering from this eating disorder are typically suffering from an extremely low body weight relative to their height and body type. Those struggling with anorexia frequently fear gaining weight and have a distorted body image. They often believe they appear much heavier than they are.Additionally, women and men who suffer from this eating disorder exemplify a fixation with a thin figure and abnormal eating patterns. Anorexia nervosa is interchangeable with the term anorexia, which refers to self-starvation and lack of appetite.

Yes the above are eating disorders but they have the mental aspect to it where their minds have been attuned to view body image in a certain way and go through anything to achieve that as they cannot deem themselves okay if not at their desired size/weight.

It is also an esteem issue.

Panic Attacks

A panic attack is a sudden overwhelming feeling of acute and disabling anxiety. It is basically a sudden episode of intense fear that triggers severe physical reactions when there is no real danger or apparent cause.

Panic attacks can be very frightening. When panic attacks occur, you might think you’re losing control, having a heart attack or even dying.

Left untreated, panic attacks and panic disorder can affect almost every area of your life. You may be so afraid of having more panic attacks that you live in a constant state of fear, ruining your quality of life.

There are so many other types of mental problems and I would encourage you to take time and research more on this matter. Addiction, narcissism, perfectionism, psychosomatic disorders are also a part of this. I am not able to expound in depth on all of these but if you want to know about anything specific not mentioned or more info on one I have listed drop a comment and I shall respond promptly.

See you again next week as we look at the signs, prevention methods and also how to get help.

Have a lovely weekend guys.

Also it is mother’s day on Sunday !!! Do something thoughtful.


2 thoughts on “MENTAL HEALTH: PART 2

Add yours

    1. Btw
      I remembered as I was reading
      Insomnia was also one of the things I found
      Especially for those who’ve been through traumatic experiences such as can’t sleep cause when they close their eyes they just imagine it happening all over
      Or even violence, I read a post of a genocide survivor who wouldn’t sleep cause of that
      It manifests in so many ways


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